Oeko Tex Standard 100 is familiar to everyone in textile and fashion industry. Today I’m going to write a long and complete blog to tell the full story of it with other eco-textile certification standards both worldwide and domestic of China.
Section 1 Eco-Textile Certification Standards and Labels
1 International Eco-Textile Certification Standard
1.1 Eco-Textile Standard 100 (Oeko-Tex Standard 100) Oeko-Tex Standard 100 is issued by the Oeko-Tex Association (Oeko-Tex Association) concerning harmful substances in textiles Eco-textile technical requirements for limit values and inspection rules. A label first proposed and researched and designed by the Austrian Textile Research Institute in 1989, as a test specification for harmful substances, emphasizes the ecological nature of textile products in the use process, that is, the guarantee of consumer health. It was launched in 1991, the first version was officially announced on April 7, 1992, the revised version was released in January 1995 and February 1, 1997, the 2000 version was released on December 21, 1999, and the 2002 version has since gone through. Year edition, 2003 edition, 2004 edition, 2006 edition, 2008 edition, 2009 edition, 2010 edition, 2011 edition and the latest 2013 edition. Basically, there will be a new edition every two or a year, and make important revisions to the previous edition. The 2013 version was released on January 3, 2013. For new or more stringent standards, after a three-month transition period, they will be strictly implemented in the Oeko-Tex certification process from April 1, 2013.
The Oeko-Tex standard provides effective protection for consumers in preventing the health hazards of harmful chemical substances in textiles, and has been successfully applied to the control and quality management systems of harmful substances in textile and apparel production, retail and distribution systems. At present, the most authoritative and influential eco-textile certification label standard in the world. The standard advocates reasonable restriction of harmful substances on textiles and the establishment of a corresponding quality control system. Holding the 0eko-Tex label means that these products have passed the Oeko-Tex Standard100 safety inspection and meet the requirements of the corresponding product category. It is a consumer An important selection basis when buying textiles. Moreover, the Oeko-Tex Standard100 standard fully considers the relevant provisions of the EU REACH regulation for hazardous substances, and covers the hazardous chemical substances related to textiles in the candidate list of substances of very high concern (SVHC) of the regulation.
Oeko-Tex Standard100 labels are available in single language (Figure 2-1) and multilingual. The label stated that “according to the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 determination of hazardous substances, this textile expresses confidence in this textile”, and stated on the label “according to the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 toxicity test confirmed qualified textiles”. This standard only refers to the final product that is harmless to human health, and does not involve ecological environment protection and product life cycle assessment (LCA). Because this standard is close to reality, it is easy to be accepted by consumers and manufacturers, and it has a high degree of market recognition.
1.2 Oeko Tex Standard 100 Testing Methods
The Oeko-Tex Standard 100 testing method is compatible with Oeko-Tex Standard 100, and is used to review the testing items and procedures for the authorization to use the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 label, and to control the related control The testing methods of the project have been uniformly stipulated. The test items released on January 8, 2013 include PH, formaldehyde, heavy metals, pesticides, phenols, plasticizers, organotin compounds, PFOS/PFOA, Dimethyl maleate (DMFu), dyes that are toxic to human ecology, chlorinated benzene and chlorinated toluene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), solvent residues, surfactant wetting agent residues, color fastness, volatility 18 items including sex compounds, perceivable smell test and identification of asbestos fiber. Once the test result of any test item exceeds the limit value stipulated by Oeko-Tex Standard 100 during the test, all other tests that are in progress or to be performed should be stopped or cancelled immediately.
1.3 Oeko-Tex Standard 1000
In 1995, Oeko-Tex International Environmental Textile Association formulated and issued the Oeko-Tex Standard 1000 standard and certification system. This system is a standard system based on 0eko-Tex a Standard100 certification, comprehensively considering the quality management of textile enterprises, focusing on the assessment of environmental management of textile enterprises, and at the same time paying attention to the company’s performance of social responsibilities. Sustainably improve the company’s environmental performance and working conditions. The standard includes Part A and Part B. The certification of the system is through the environmental pollution assessment of the textile production site and the products produced, and independently records the environmental protection measures that the manufacturer has taken and the level achieved in environmental protection based on this, and finally produces the production conditions of the textile manufacturing Field certification. The scope of certification can cover production facilities throughout the textile production chain.
Part A of the standard is the certification requirement for the production site, that is, it focuses on the environmental protection level of the textile production process and the corresponding problems of the production ecology. The content expresses the conditions and requirements for the use of environmentally friendly production Oeko-Tex Standard 1000 to register and produce on-site labels, including the assessment of the maintenance and protection of natural resources; the use of environmentally friendly chemical additives, dyes and processing techniques; the use of water and energy Consumption; control of volatiles and treatment of waste water and waste gas. Certified companies must comply with relevant regulations concerning the production environment (safe production, low noise and low dust) and social standards (prohibition of child labor, prohibition of discrimination/forced labor, remuneration based on labor, etc.). In the framework of the review, if at least 90% of a company’s production site has been certified, then the company has the right to use the Oeko-Tex Standard 1000 registration label (Figure 2-2).
Part B of the standard is the certification requirements for textile products, which determines the conditions and requirements for licensing the use of registered labels. If a company has obtained Oeko-Tex Standard1000 certification, and its products have obtained Oeko-Tex Standard 100 certification, under certain conditions, these products can be awarded the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 plus label (Figure 2-3). By using the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 plus label, companies can show consumers that their products do not harm the human body at all, and are completely produced by environmentally friendly companies, which can show the company’s environmental protection achievements.
Since the Oeko-Tex Standard 1000 standard covers the ecological performance of textile products, corporate quality management, environmental management and social standards and other comprehensive indicators, in the past few years, few textile companies in Asia have come into contact with this certification. However, in recent years, the international community has paid particular attention to the environmental protection issues and social responsibilities of enterprises. It is only the products that meet the requirements of ecological and environmental protection standards that cannot meet the needs of international buyers. Furthermore, the environmental management and social responsibility indicators at the production site clearly require the international community to pay special attention to corporate environmental issues and social responsibilities, which has aroused the importance of Oeko-Tex Standard 1000 by textile companies in Asia, centered on China.
1.4 Eco-label to Textile Products
This is a standard for a full ecological concept. Compared with Oeko Tex Standard 100, Eco-label emphasizes the ecological safety of products while emphasizing the ecological nature of textile production, emphasizing the cultivation and cultivation of natural fibers and chemical fiber production, as well as spinning, weaving, dyeing and finishing. No pollution in the production process, no pollution to the environment during the textile production process, no harm to human health. The standard involves three parts: “textile fiber”, “processing and chemical agents”, “adaptability of product use”, and does not involve the use of ecological textile raw materials and the ecological nature of waste disposal. Because this standard is quite strict, there are few complete ecological textiles at present, but this does not prevent people from pursuing the development and exploration of ecological textiles in the true sense. The label is shown in Figure 2-4.
1.5 Intertek Eco-Textile Standard
Intertek Group, as one of the world’s largest third-party inspection, testing and certification professional institutions, has nearly 2/3 of the global textile testing industry market share. The Intertek Eco-Textile Product Certification Standard is a kind of Certification of production systems. On the surface, Intertek eco-textile product certification has many similarities with Eco-label and Oeko Tex Standard 100 in terms of safety performance requirements, but it draws more from the successful experience of ISO9000 and ISORG14000 system certification. Factory audit procedures, its standards cover the requirements of laws and regulations concerning ecological products in various countries and regions such as Europe and the United States, and the ecological performance requirements of major buyers around the world.
The new version of Intertek Eco-Textile Product Certification Standard reflects the latest trends in the international, especially the European Union’s requirements for eco-textiles, and takes into account the actual needs of some internationally renowned buyers for the eco-safety performance of textiles. Its coverage has been further expanded, and the certification The selection of projects is more flexible, and the practicability of the certification is stronger. According to the environmental protection requirements of buyers in the international market, it has passed the “pre-certification on-site review site sampling-laboratory testing” several links, and the environmental quality problems that may exist in the final product are controlled at the source of production and during the production process. Effectively reduce risks and control costs. One of the core competitiveness of Intertek ecological product certification is to help companies truly improve the ecological quality of their products, thereby enhancing the core competitiveness of their products. The acquisition of Intertek ecological product certification is not only an honor certificate for the company, but also an authoritative proof that the company has a certain environmental protection product production capacity. Intertek Eco-Product Certification helps companies improve the ecological quality of products and the stability of ecological quality through the trinity of pre-certification, certification and post-certification.
1.6 ISO1400 International Environmental Management System Standard
ISO14000 environmental management standard and SO9000 quality standard are both tools for environmental protection and economic development. In 1999, it was formulated by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technical Committee 207 (ISO/TC207), the International Environmental Management Standardization Technical Committee. It is an internationally accepted environmental management system standard and is widely applicable to various companies with environmental problems. , Companies, businesses and other industries. The standard aims to promote the development of the global economy and at the same time coordinate the global environmental issues through the international standards of environmental management, trying to start from a full range, through standardized means to effectively improve and protect the environment, and to meet the needs of sustained economic growth.
The ISO1400 series of standards are guidelines for companies to establish environmental management systems and pass inspections and certifications. The core idea of the system is pollution prevention and ecological control of the whole process. It is an objective method to evaluate the burden of a product, process or activity on the environment through the identification and quantification of the consumption of energy and raw materials and the emission of “three wastes”. It not only pays attention to the quality of the products, but also manages the entire process of the organization’s activities, products and services from the selection of raw materials, design and processing, sales, transportation, use to the final waste disposal, which is extremely in line with the modern management organization theory, Management process theory and management efficiency theory. The establishment and implementation of the system has caused a qualitative change in the environmental management of the enterprise. The system established according to the ISO14000 standard includes the entire process control of product development and design, process design, material procurement and processing, sales to product scrapping, and it enables environmental management to run through Each link enables the company to produce obvious environmental benefits, and the company’s environmental management organization and control capabilities have been greatly enhanced. As the carrier of the sustainable development concept, environmental standardization mainly involves the following six aspects: environmental assessment standards, environmental management systems, life cycle assessment, environmental labels, environmental audits, and product environmental standards.
ISO14000 passes the review and supervision of the environmental impact of the company’s production activities, environmental governance measures and management system, and relies on the principles of market competition to urge companies to apply for environmental label certification for their products, so as to achieve the purpose of improving the environment and protecting the environment. This standard requires companies to put forward specific goals for improving the environment and establish a sound environmental management system based on their own environmental conditions, and the organization recognized by SO will supervise its implementation and implementation progress. Certified companies can put environmental labels on their products.
The ISO14000 series of standard numbers range from 14001 to 14100, a total of 100 standard numbers, collectively referred to as the ISO14000 series of standards. It is formulated in accordance with the development of international environmental protection and the needs of international economic and trade development. At present, there are six standards officially promulgated, including ISO14001, SO14004, JO14010, 5014011, S014012, ISO14040, among which ISO14001 is the core standard of the series of standards and the only standard that can be used for third-party certification.
2. Domestic Eco-Textile Certification Standard
2.1 GB/T18885-2009 Eco-Textile Technical
Requirements Standard was formulated according to the 2008 version of “Oeko Tex Standard 100”, which was formally implemented on January 1, 2010, replacing GBT1886-2002. The standard specifies the classification, requirements and testing methods of ecological textiles. The standard applies to all kinds of textiles and their accessories, and leather products can be implemented by reference. The standard does not apply to chemicals, auxiliaries and dyes. The standard divides the products into four categories: infant products, products in direct contact with skin, products in non-direct contact with skin, and decorative materials according to their end use. All types of products have given clear and specific limit values for harmful substances. The definition of this standard for ecological textiles is: “The use of environmentally sound or less harmful raw materials and production processes produced by the production process is harmless to human health.” This definition not only emphasizes the raw materials, but also emphasizes the production process.
2.2 GB/T24000 Environmental Management System Series Standards
GBT24000 standard is formed by the equivalent transformation of twelve standards in the international standard ISO14000 series standards. It is proposed by the Standardization Department of the State Technical Supervision Bureau and is under the jurisdiction of the National Environmental Management Standardization Technical Committee. They are: GB/T24001-2004 “Environmental Management System Requirements and Use Guidelines” GBT24004-2004 “Environmental Management System Principles, Systems and Supporting Technologies General Guidelines” GB/T24015-2003 “Environmental Management Sites and Organizational Environmental Assessment” GBT24004-2004 /T24020-2000 “Environmental Management Environmental Labeling and Declaration General Principles” as the first page GBT24021-2001 “Environmental Management Environmental Labeling and Declaration Self-Environmental Declaration (Ⅱ Environmental Label)” GB/T24024-2001 “Environmental Management Environmental Labeling and Declaration Ⅰ Environment Marking Principles and Procedures” GB/T24031-2001 “Environmental Management Life Cycle Assessment Guidelines” GB/T24040-199 Environmental Management Life Cycle Assessment Principles and Framework” GB/T24041-200 Environmental Management Life Cycle Assessment Objectives and Scope Determination and List Analysis” GB/T24042-2003 “Environmental Management Life Cycle Assessment Life Cycle Impact Assessment” GB/T24043-20 “Environmental Management Life Cycle Assessment Life Cycle Interpretation” GB/24050-2000 “Environmental Management Terminology” GB/19011-2003 “Quality And (or) Environmental Management System Audit Guidelines”
2.3 The HJ/T307-2006 “Technical Requirements for Environmental Labeling Products Ecological Textiles”
Standard stipulates the definition, basic classification requirements, technical content and inspection methods of eco-textile environmental labeling products. The standard applies to all textiles except wool and its blended textiles that have been mothproofed. Its definition of ecological textiles is: “In this technical requirement, it refers to those products that use raw materials that are harmless or less harmful to the surrounding environment, rationally use raw materials and are harmless to human health.” The standard was implemented on July 1, 2007. Replace HJBZ30-2000 from the date of implementation.
2.4 Mandatory National Standards Related to Ecological Textiles
The mandatory national standards are based on the Standardization Law of the People’s Republic of China and the Product Quality Law of the People’s Republic of China, and comply with the WTO’s TBT Agreement (Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade, The Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade, which corresponds to foreign technical regulations, has legal significance for enforcement.
2.4.1 GB18401-2010 “National Basic Safety Technical Specifications for Textile Products”
According to the Announcement No. 2 of 201 issued by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine and the National Standardization Administration of China, GB18401-2010 “National Basic Safety Technical Specifications for Textile Products” in 2011 It was formally implemented on August 1, 2016, replacing the GB18401-2003 standard. This standard is my country’s first national compulsory standard on the ecological safety of textiles. It is applicable to general safety technical specifications for textile products for clothing and decoration. It aims to control the main harmful substances in textiles and ensure people’s basic safety and health. All clothing and decorative textile products (including clothing and products) put on the market in my country must be implemented, and the scope and intensity of its implementation will have a significant impact on the production and circulation of textile products.
There are more than 20 hazardous substances specified in Oeko tex Standard 100, and the GB18401-2010 standard carefully selects 5 kinds of inclusion standards. The five indicators are: pH, formaldehyde content, color fastness, peculiar smell, decomposable carcinogenic aromatic amine dyes. Therefore, it must be noted that the GB18401-2010 standard is not an ecological textile standard, but a technical specification implemented at the current technical level. It is the most basic requirement to ensure that textiles are harmless to human health. The issuance and implementation of the standards provide a unified technical basis for the production, sales, use and supervision of my country’s textile products. It is important for effectively protecting the health of consumers, regulating the market, and improving the overall level and international competitiveness of my country’s textile industry. significance.
2.4.2 GB204002006 “Leather and Fur Hazardous Substances Limits”
GB20400-2006 was proposed by the China National Light Industry Council, and the National Leather Industry Standardization Technical Committee organized experts from the China Leather and Footwear Industry Research Institute, the National Fur Quality Supervision and Inspection Center and other institutions Research and develop. It was officially released by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China and the National Standardization Management Committee on April 3, 2006, and was fully implemented on December 1, 2007. The standard stipulates the limit of harmful substances in leather and fur products and their inspection methods. It is suitable for daily leather and fur products, but not for industrial and special industries. However, GB20400-2006 only included azo dyes and free formaldehyde that can be decomposed into harmful aromatic amines in the scope of mandatory monitoring, while hexavalent chromium in leather and fur products is not involved.
2.4.3 GB19601-2004 “Limits and Determination of 23 Harmful Aromatic Amines in Dyestuff Products”
GB19601-2004 was officially released by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine and the National Standardization Administration on November 3, 2004, December 1, 2005 Day implementation. The formulation of the standard conforms to the requirements of international consumers for environmental safety, regulates the development and production of Chinese dye products from the source, provides high-quality and safer standards for downstream dye applications, and specifies the technical conditions for testing and analysis. To ensure the accuracy and precision of detection, and the monitoring objects of this standard are not limited to azo colorants. The standard clearly stipulates that “this standard specifies the allowable limits and determination methods for harmful aromatic amines in dye products. This standard applies to various formulations of commercial dyes, dye products, dye intermediates and textile printing and dyeing auxiliaries.
2.4.4 GB20814-2006 “Limits and Determination of 10 Heavy Metal Elements in Dyestuff Products”
Since the important source of harmful heavy metals in dyed products is mainly the dyes used and the auxiliaries used in the processing process, it is necessary to control textile products The most effective method is to control the content of heavy metals in dyes and processing auxiliaries. GB20814-2006 was jointly researched and drafted by the National Dyestuff Quality Supervision and Inspection Center and Shanghai Dyestuff Research Institute Co., Ltd. The standard refers to Oeko-Tex Standard 100, and combined with the actual situation of dye production, 10 kinds of metals (cadmium, cobalt, chromium, copper, iron, manganese, nickel, lead, antimony, zinc) are included in the monitoring scope, and 10 kinds of metals are given. Specific technical conditions for the determination of heavy metal elements. The review of GB208142006 was completed in October 2003, and it was officially released by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China and the National Standardization Administration on December 7, 2006, and was implemented on November 1, 2007.
Section 2 Application and Certification of Eco-Textile Labels
Eco-textile labels are safety signs of textiles. The certification body shall, in accordance with the standards (or technical requirements) of ecological textiles or environmental labeling products and relevant regulations, make an impact on the environmental performance of the product and the production process of the production process. The environment is confirmed, and consumers are informed in the form of logo graphics which products meet environmental protection requirements and are ecologically safe; indicating that the product is harmless to human health and does not pollute the environment, and consumers can use the product with confidence. To obtain the eco-textile label, it is necessary to pass the eco-textile certification. At the same time, the environmental behavior of the whole process from design, production, use to disposal of the product is controlled through certification. At present, both domestic and foreign organizations have specialized agencies for ecological textile certification.
Domestic eco-textile certification agencies include: China Textile Standards, Inspection and Certification Center (CTS), China Quality Certification Center (CQC), China Inspection and Certification Group (CC), and State Environmental Protection Administration (CEC). International ecological textile certification agencies include TESTEX Swiss Textile Testing Co., Ltd. and member institutions of the International Environmental Textile Association including TESTEX (Switzerland), Ho-henstein ((Germany), OETI (Austria), BTTG (UK), DTI (Denmark), IFTH (France), IFP (Sweden), CITEVE (Portugal), Centexbel (Belgium), Aitex (Spain), CTCA (Italy). TESTEX Swiss Textile Testing Co., Ltd. has a Beijing representative office and a maritime representative office in China. The only official Oeko-Tex Standard 100 certification issuing organization authorized by the Environmental Protection Textile Association in China. In addition, Intertek (Tianxiang) Group is the first international third-party testing and certification company to enter China, and its ecological textile certification has been recognized by many international authoritative organizations. There are service agencies in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Wuxi, Hangzhou and other cities in China. Internationally, especially in Europe, there are a variety of eco-textile labels, such as Eco-label (EU eco-label), White Swan (Nordic white swan logo), MiHeukeur (Netherlands environmental label), Tooxproof Seal (German eco-textile label), Clean Fashion eco-label developed by the world’s ten largest textile sellers, and Comitextil (Eco-label for final products established by the European Economic Community Textile Industry Coordinating Committee), etc. The most influential eco-label in the world today is undoubtedly Oeko-Tex Standard 100.
1. Application for Certification and Management of Oeko-Tex Standard 100 Label
Oeko-Tex Standard 100 certification is a product certification in the textile field. It focuses on the ecology of product consumption. Therefore, it is not only popular with consumers, but also more practical, and is welcomed by manufacturers. , Has a wide range of global recognition. 1.1 Basic conditions and preparations for applying for certification
Okeo-Tex Standard100 certification is for all kinds of products in the textile supply chain, from raw materials, semi-finished products, auxiliary materials to final products, you can apply for this certification; in addition, for specific production and processing processes, such as printing, dyeing coating, and special function After finishing the process, you can also apply for certification. Only the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 eco-label is for specific varieties. Therefore, the product varieties to be certified and the certified product level should be determined before declaration. The certified varieties should have stable output, outstanding ecology, mature and controllable technology, and perfect standardized management of product quality. All ingredients of the certified products meet the limit values given by each test item in Appendix 4 of Oeko Tex Standard 100 without exception. In addition to surface materials, it also includes sewing threads, lining printing, etc., as well as non-textile accessories, such as buttons, zippers, rivets, etc.
Before submitting to the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 certification body for certification, the samples can be sent to the domestic testing agency for testing, and then sent to the Oeko-Tex Standard100 certification body for testing after passing the test. Domestic testing agencies include: National Cotton Textile Product Quality Supervision and Inspection Center, Shanghai Disabled Dyestuffs and Applied Products Testing Center, Shanghai Entry Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, etc.
1.2 Certification Steps
Oeko-Tex Standard 100 label certification is generally divided into the following five steps, that is, application, declaration of materials, sample delivery, test samples and label authorization.
1.2.1 The Applicant Submits
An application to a member institution of the International Environmental Textile Association (Oeko-Tex) or its authorized agency, such as China’s certification agency-Swiss Textile Testing Co., Ltd. (TESTEX) offices in Beijing, Shanghai, and Hong Kong , Submit an application in the form of fax, letter, e-mail, etc., indicating the intention of the application, the name of the manufacturer and the contact information. The content of the application form includes questions about product declaration, a list of raw material suppliers in the letter of commitment, and the dyes and auxiliary materials used. In addition, when the products are carpets, foam plastics and mattresses, a detailed description of the samples is also included.
1.2.2 Application Paperwork
When the certification body receives the application from the applicant manufacturer, it will provide a set of application forms, including: quality conformity declaration form, limit form, and application form.
(1) The quality conformity declaration form is a declaration of the applicant manufacturer’s commitment to the quality conformity of the test samples and future production samples, including the following contents ①Responsibility for the detailed information stated in the application. ② Commit to notify the authorized agency that issued the label in time when the raw material, technical process and formula change. ③ After the expiration and revocation of the authorization to use the label, the promise to guarantee that the label will not be used again.
(2) The limit table reflects the specifications and production (export) quantities of certified products, because Oeko-Tex Standard 100 label certification is for product certification and not for enterprise certification, so there is a certification limit issue.
(3) After the applicant manufacturer obtains the application form of the certification body, fill it in according to the content of the form and the actual production situation of the product. State the following:
①Describe the items to be tested.
②Describe the processing steps required to produce the textile.
③Compile a list of various pigments and auxiliary agents used.
④ The safety data sheet of the chemicals equipped.
⑤ Indicate the suppliers of all the components of the product, from raw materials, linings to accessories (garments).
⑥ A copy of the certified raw material certification certificate.
⑦Give a consent statement when needed, allowing it to be included in the international environmental protection textile recommendation list and online procurement guide.
1.2.3 After receiving the application materials submitted by the manufacturer, the sample-sending certification body will classify the certified products, check the materials, and issue a “sample instruction” to the manufacturer to prepare test samples. The manufacturer prepares test samples or collects samples at the production site according to the requirements of the “Sample Directive” (quantity, weight, length, etc.), seals the samples and sends them to the certification body according to the packaging requirements of the sample materials. Note that the test sample should be consistent with the products sold under the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 label in the future.
The Oeko-Tex Standard 100 standard stipulates: a product group is basically a combination of several products in a group, and these products can use the same certification certificate, for example:
①It is made of basic materials with clear performance, and there are only differences in physical properties. Textiles.
② Products composed of certified materials.
③ Finished products made of similar fiber materials (for example, textiles made of cellulose fibers, polyester-cotton blends and other chemical fibers). Therefore, when choosing a test sample, it must be noted that the sample must be able to cover all item groups. This representative choice is the basis for the description of the item on the certification certificate. The sample selection is not comprehensive, which will result in the restriction of the category of certified items.
1.2.4 After receiving the sample materials, the certification body will determine the type and scope of the test according to the product type and product information provided by the applicant, and then calculate the test cost. After the applicant accepts the test quotation fee, the test will start. The economic cost of Oeko-Tex Standard 100 for a certification is composed of two parts: license fee and laboratory testing fee. The exact cost of hazardous substance testing here is determined based on the testing costs of each textile product. When entrusting the certification, you can ask for a specific quotation from the authorized environmental textile organization. By using certified raw materials, the economic cost of testing can be significantly reduced. Double detection can be avoided here. In a single production stage, in principle, only the newly added parts are tested. Through the modular system, the inspection cost is allocated to the relevant enterprises in all links of the entire textile value-added chain. Oeko-Tex Standard 100 testing standards can be used in all processing stages. High-density testing in all links of the entire textile value-added chain will reduce the testing costs of each single enterprise to a minimum.
The testing organization first enters the product and production data systematically. Then draw up a test plan for the items (groups) to be tested. Then, the representative items in the production are tested according to the standard catalog of Oeko-Tex Standard 100. The inspection is carried out by the worst-case analysis method “Wort-case”. When inspecting, the product with the thickest coating and the darkest color or the product with the largest number of accessories is tested. Generally, all components of an item must be tested.
1.2.5 After passing the label authorization test, the certification body will issue a certificate of conformity to the applicant. After obtaining the certificate of conformity, the applicant is authorized to use the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 label on its products within the validity period of the certificate. Applicants can use one or more Oeko-Tex Standard 100 (shown in Appendix 2) labels on their products after the label authorization of the small country middle school. The certification number and testing organization must be marked on each label, and any other form of mark is not allowed. The label must state “textiles that have been tested and confirmed to be qualified in accordance with the ecological textile standards for toxicity testing”.
The color design requirements of the label are as follows:
CMYK color model: RGB color model:
The label owner can print the label by himself, but must send it to the certification body for review and permission. If the printed film is directly obtained by an advertising agency authorized by the International Environmental Textile Association, it is not necessary to obtain a license from a certification agency. Applicants can obtain further information from the certification body.
1.3 Management after certification
The maximum use period of Oeko-Tex Standard 100 label is one year. During the validity period, the test standards and related limit values at the time of authorization remain valid. According to the request of the applicant, the start date of the authorization can be extended up to three months from the date of the test report. After the validity period of the eco-textile standard label has expired, the label owner can apply for an extension of the authorization period for one year. Relevant research institutions will reduce some test items during the extension period of the first, second, fourth, fifth, etc. Once the conditions stated in the application are no longer correct, and the certification body is not notified of the relevant changes, and the certification body cannot confirm whether the product still meets the requirements of the ecological textile standard, the right to use the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 label will be revoked immediately.
After the certificate of conformity is issued, the certification body will conduct two random inspections on the production samples of the certified products within the validity period of the certificate, and the cost of the random inspection shall be borne by the certificate holder. In addition, the International Environmental Protection Textile Association invests at least 20% of the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 labeled products sold on the market each year for testing. If the random inspection finds that the details provided by the applicant are no longer correct or the changes in the applied technology and/or production conditions are not reported to the certification body in a timely manner, the license holder will be ordered to remove the identified defects as soon as possible, and after improvement Select samples from the production process and submit them for re-inspection. If in the process of product inspection, there are multiple unsatisfactory findings, the corresponding Oeko-Tex certificate will be revoked. If the use of the label does not comply with the conditions stipulated by the Eco-Textile Standard, the right to use the label will also be revoked. After the authorization is revoked, if the product continues to use the revoked label, the International Textile Ecology Research and Testing Association has the right to announce the revoked person in an appropriate manner after the second warning.
The quality control of Oeko-Tex Standard 100 label products is very effective, which largely guarantees the reliability of label products and prevents the abuse of Oeko-Tex labels. It is through these strict quality control systems that the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 label has gained the trust of consumers, manufacturers and buyers internationally.
2. China Domestic Eco-Textile Label Certification
2.1 China Textile Standardization Inspection and Certification Center
China Textile Standards (Beijing) Inspection and Certification Center Co., Ltd. (CTC) is the only textile industry with independent legal personality that integrates standards, testing, measurement and certification. Third-party inspection and certification service agency. It has established subsidiaries in Shenzhen and Zhejiang, and has more than ten offices or sampling points in Shanghai, Fujian, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Taipei, Japan, South Korea and other places, forming a national textile industry area and neighboring countries and regions. Service Network. CTTC is a domestic service organization specializing in the inspection and certification of textiles and clothing products. Its business scope includes inspection and certification of textile fibers, yarns, fabrics, clothing, home textiles, industrial textiles, etc. In addition to the “eco-textile” certification, there are also There are more than ten certifications of “antibacterial textiles” and “antistatic textiles”.
CTTC has professionals who are proficient in textile standards and inspection and certification business, close to the textile industry. Its certified ecological textiles are in line with international practices, and the validity period is also one year. The certification standard adopts GB/T188562009 “Technical Requirements for Ecological Textiles”. The certification mark is uniformly designed by CTTC and the tag is made. The holder of the certification certificate subscribes for the certification tag from CTTC according to the number of products. The CTTC certification mark style is shown in Figure 2-5.
2.2 China Inspection and Certification Group
China Inspection and Certification Group (CCIC) is approved by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ), the qualification accreditation of the National Certification and Accreditation Administration (CNCA), and the China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment (CNAS). An independent third-party inspection and certification organization with “inspection, appraisal, certification, and testing” as its main business. The subordinate “CCIC Eco-Textile Certification Management Coordination Center” is the management, coordination, and service organization for the project operation, business order maintenance, market promotion and technical support of the national CCC system ecological textile certification. The CCIC ecological textile certification is based on the national standard “Ecological Textile Technical Requirements” (GBT1885-2009), and the applicant enterprises are tested and factory reviewed. Products that meet the standards of the “Ecological Textile Technical Requirements” are certified by the China Inspection and Certification Group. The company issues the “CCLC Eco-Textile” certificate and affixes a uniquely coded eco-textile label (Figure 2-6) to the product to prove and guarantee the ecological safety of the product. CCIC conducts annual post-certification supervision of certified organizations to ensure the safety and consistency of products to the greatest extent.
2.3 China Quality Certification Center
China Quality Certification Center (CQC) is a third-party professional certification organization approved by the national competent authority and recognized by many governments and many international authoritative organizations. It is affiliated to China Inspection and Certification Group. The certification of ecological textiles is specifically in charge of the six certification offices. CQC eco-textile certification directly adopts the 0ko-Tex Standard100 standard. Authorize the use of the “CQC” certification label for textiles that have passed testing and certification (Figure 2-7).
2.4 State Environmental Protection Administration
The Environmental Certification Center (CEC) of the State Environmental Protection Administration is the first institution in China to start ecological textile certification. With the implementation of the “Technical Requirements for Ecological Textiles for Environmental Labeling Products” (H/T307-2006), the Environmental Certification Center of the State Environmental Protection Administration started the certification of ecological textiles accordingly. For certified ecological textiles, the Chinese environmental labeling is authorized, as shown in Figure 2-8.